"New Education and New School in New Europe" - 1918 and the question of the reform of education and upbringing in the interwar period
Under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Prague 20th - 21st September 2018
The International Conference is organized by the National Pedagogical Museum and Library of J. A. Comenius in partnership with the Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Technical University of Liberec, in cooperation with the Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich.
The World War I, coupled with many expectations in the political and socio-cultural spheres, was to bring about a "resolution" of the then-perceived crisis of culture, society and the crisis of education. Reform social efforts for a "new society" (often very diverse) have been evident in many socio-cultural areas at the turn of the century, and "Great War" has been linked to break the "old world" and enforcing a "new social order". Since the last third of the 19th century there has been an intensification of the reform-pedagogical discussion that tried to reform "old school and uppringing". At the same time, the "recipes" for the new education were very different. The "recipes" had depended on the personality concept of the pupil and the child on which were based or from which developed.
These "recipes" also very often had related to the broader socio-political background of pedagogical reformers. Reform education concepts oscillated between far-left, social-democratic, conservative Christian and conservative national "projects" to nationalistically closed or spiritually justified ideas. This, on the one hand, dynamized the reform-oriented and socio-critical discussion, on the other hand it did not detract from its basic instrumental foundations. This was supposed to bring "new models of school and education" that were not meant only for academic debates or bureaucratic-state "condemnation" they should become upbringing and educational concepts to be implemented.
The 1918 meant, not only for Central Europe but also for the European and world situation "rewriting" of the political distribution of Europe and the world, which also had a significant impact in the social sphere. The new states have sought appropriate education models suitable to the situation after the global conflict and taking into account the continuity of social development in the newly emerged countries. It was not only a change in the boundaries or political arrangements of new states, but also a significant change in the "distribution of forces" in the discusion on the new goals of upbringing and education. It has happened in a world that has awakened from a "dark dream of war" into a world in which "a more democratic, socially more just order" is in a situation of multinational, culturally and religiously diverse states.