New Education and New School in New Europe

International konference

"New Education and New School in New Europe" - 1918 and the question of the reform of education and upbringing in the interwar period

Under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports

Prague 20th - 21st September 2018

     The International Conference is organized by the National Pedagogical Museum and Library of J. A. Comenius in partnership with the Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education, Technical University of Liberec, in cooperation with the Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich.

The World War I, coupled with many expectations in the political and socio-cultural spheres, was to bring about a "resolution" of the then-perceived crisis of culture, society and the crisis of education. Reform social efforts for a "new society" (often very diverse) have been evident in many socio-cultural areas at the turn of the century, and "Great War" has been linked to break the "old world" and enforcing a "new social order". Since the last third of the 19th century there has been an intensification of the reform-pedagogical discussion that tried to reform "old school and uppringing". At the same time, the "recipes" for the new education were very different. The "recipes" had depended on the personality concept of the pupil and the child on which  were based or from which developed.

These "recipes" also very often had related to the broader socio-political background of pedagogical reformers. Reform education concepts oscillated between far-left, social-democratic, conservative Christian and conservative national "projects" to nationalistically closed or spiritually justified ideas. This, on the one hand, dynamized the reform-oriented and socio-critical discussion, on the other hand it did not detract from its basic instrumental foundations. This was supposed to bring "new models of school and education" that were not meant only for academic debates or bureaucratic-state "condemnation" they should become upbringing and educational concepts to be implemented.

The 1918 meant, not only for Central Europe but also for the European and world situation "rewriting" of the political distribution of Europe and the world, which also had a significant impact in the social sphere. The new states have sought appropriate education models suitable to the situation after the global conflict and taking into account the continuity of social development in the newly emerged countries. It was not only a change in the boundaries or political arrangements of new states, but also a significant change in the "distribution of forces" in the discusion on the new goals of upbringing and education. It has happened in a world that has awakened from a "dark dream of war" into a world in which "a more democratic, socially more just order" is in a situation of multinational, culturally and religiously diverse states.

The conference "New Education and New School in New Europe" - 1918 and the question of the reform of education and upbringing in the interwar period analyzes the reform inter-war pedagogical events in the following six topics:

  1. Concept of the reform of education and society in the newly formed European states. National, transnational, generally humanistic, political and religious arguments in discussions on educational models. Concepts of physical, artistic and personal education - Balance of body, spirit and soul education in individual educational concepts. Eugenic concepts and "healthy upbringing".
  2. Change of pedagogical science. "Pedagogical transfer" between European countries and the United States of America and among culturally, nationally and religiously diverse groups in multinational states. Role of pedagogical research institutes, teacher associations, pedagogical societies and other institutions and communities.
  3. Social emancipation as a goal of education and the role of the school in the social question. Developing girls' education and coeducation, women´s education. The school which supports the national and multinational state. The Role of Religious Belief and the Importance of Religious Communities in Education and Upbringing. Solving social problems in the new state and the role of schools.
  4. Modernization the teaching process. The role of teaching aids, textbooks, new didactic procedures and pedagogical and psychological research. Architecture and interior equipment of school buildings.
  5. Education of the public, adult education and family education. The importance of education in the process of democratization of society. Changes in generational coexistence and the role of the family in new educational systems.
  6. Development of the school system in the newly formed states including specialized schools. Newly founded schools and universities and artistic, military and other specialized schools. Schools for mentally and physically handicapped.

The time limit for presentation of your paper will be 20 minutes.

Papers can be submitted by March 15, 2018, either to the e-mail address sustova@npmk.cz, or to the National Pedagogical Museum and the Library of J. A. Comenius, Valdštejnská 20, 118 00 Praha 1, to the attention of Magdaléna Šustová.

You will be informed of the receipt of papers by April 15, 2018.

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